Do you or someone in your household regularly participate in the exercise, sports, or some other kind of physical activity? Have you sustained a sports injury as a result of your commitment to a healthy lifestyle? Is acute pain keeping you from competing, or is chronic pain affecting your performance? Our physical therapy team is here to help you get back in the game feeling stronger, healthier, and pain-free, with a reduced risk of re-injury later in the season!
What are Common Types of Sports Injury?
According to a study shared by the American Medical Society for Sports Medicine, the rates of sports injury in track and field sport can be high as 9 out of 1,000 athletes. Other injuries, including contact sports, maybe even higher.
In general, sports injuries can be broken down into two main categories: acute and chronic. Acute sports injuries are caused by sudden, traumatic moments which impose a high degree of stress and damage on connective tissues, such as falls, ill-advised moves, or brutal impacts.
Conversely, a chronic sports injury may be less agonizing in the short term but more debilitating in the long term. These types of injuries typically come on more gradually due to overuse and eventually disrupt a person’s ability to safely and optimally participate in sport.
A few of the most common types of sports injury our physical therapist staff evaluates and treats include:
- Muscle strains and partial or full-thickness tears (e.g., rotator cuff strain or “pulled” hamstring)
- Tendon strain or inflammation, aka tendonitis (common in the biceps, quadriceps, hamstrings patellar, and Achilles tendons)
- Ligament sprains (e.g., ACL, PCL, and MCL in the knee)
- Medial and lateral epicondylitis (aka golfer’s elbow and tennis elbow)
- Patellofemoral pain syndrome (aka runner’s knee or jumper’s knee)
- Disc herniation, bulge, or degenerative disc disease
- Nerve compression, e.g., sciatica (often caused by an injured disc or misaligned spinal joint)
- Spondylolisthesis (forward slipping of one vertebra relative to the one below it due to a fracture in the bone)
What are the Common Causes and Risk Factors of Sports Injury?
You may be more likely to sustain an acute and/or chronic sports injury due to a variety of risk factors, including:
- Acute sports trauma (as mentioned, e.g., falls, collisions, etc.)
- Improper warm ups and cool downs
- Poor nutrition
- Poor technique and sports-specific movement mechanics
- Over-training and inadequate rest and recovery
- Poor sleep
- Imbalances in strength and flexibility
- Ill-fitting footwear and equipment
Running and playing surfaces and the way you engage them (e.g., always running in one direction on a track; banked, slippery, or uneven surfaces, etc.)
There is generally an interplay between these risk factors. For instance, you may not be able to avoid a hard collision, but if you have muscular imbalances, flexibility limitations, or have overtaxed your body through excessive training, you may be more at risk for an injury in this situation.
How can Physical Therapy Heal and Prevent Sports Injury?
For acute injuries, the RICE protocol (rest, ice, compression, and elevation) may be required to manage pain, inflammation, and swelling at first. But physical therapy is often indicated soon after to further reduce symptoms, accelerate tissue healing, and help you get back to play with a reduced risk of re-injury or chronic dysfunction. Working with a physical therapist can also help you avoid surgery or, if surgery is required, can help you maximize your post-operative recovery.
After a thorough physical examination, your physical therapist will devise an appropriate treatment plan depending on your current stage of rehab, your goals, and your specific impairments. Some interventions we commonly prescribe include:
- Range of motion exercises to reduce improve mobility and joint alignment
- Massage therapy to break up adhesions and accelerate healing by stimulating circulation
- Non-invasive modalities, including cold laser therapy and ultrasound, to ease the pain, reduce muscle spasms, and accelerate tissue healing
- Strengthening and balancing exercises to optimize physical performance and address underlying imbalances
If you feel you may have a sports related injury, feel free to set up a detailed evaluation with one of our trained therapists.
I've known Adrea for over 30 years, and have had her as a therapist for several different issues ranging from lower back to post ACL surgery therapy. I've followed her from several different practices because she knows what she's doing. Their office appearantly has a great parctice of hiring quality people as well. I have reluctantly been seeing Jennifer for the past 2 weeks due to Adrea's full schedule, and I am absolutely delighted with even the early results to an IT Band and torn meniscus issue. It's the first time in months that I have been able to walk without the aid of a cane. I'm looking forward to seeing the results of the upcoming weeks.Stephen Schneiderman6/28/2017
Very caring, excellent quality. I have recommended Dynamic Bracing-Physical Therapy to my doctor for his south hill patients.Dianna Leigh6/28/2017
Love working with Andrea. She is extremely knowledgeable in what she does and takes time to really listen to what is causing pain. I have seen a huge improvement! Wonderful for prenatal and postpartum!Mackenzie Ivey5/28/2019
What a positive experience. I was blown away, with how willing to help me they were. I have an old brace, and wanted to tune it up. everyone in town, could care less, but they not only took it on, but made me feel respected. My new brace this year will come from them, no matter what.Chris White6/28/2014
The office staff are very welcoming and the 2 therapists I've seen are excellent. I really like the strain/counter strain modality they use. I've experience a lot of physical therapy and my results are much better with this technique. They also make use of the BEMER technology for increased circulation/blood flow to support treatment results.Elizabeth Pike5/28/2019
I highly recommend Dynamic Bracing and PT. They are very professional and always are accommodating at scheduling. PT has helped my situation.Barbara Soucy6/26/2019